Background. Advanced technological changes in the field of information technology during the past three decades have contributed to political processes in the majority of societies. The dynamics of events that change the format of relations between citizens and governments is in particular reflected in Western societies, where due to the Internet and information and communication technologies independent groups of society without any traditional democratic mechanisms can have influence, which affects the system. The research is aimed at the analysis of changes and trends in the «information revolution» in a democratic system based on the latest theoretical developments in this area.
Materials and methods. The implementation of research tasks was achieved through the use of instruments of the European Commission, the European Council, and a number of institutions and forums that influence information space within their competencies. In the study, we analyzed importance of the «information revolution» for development of democratic participation policy by highlighting the main advantages and disadvantages. The study is based on a systematic analysis of structural, functional and comparative methods.
Results. We examined political and social impact of the information revolution in the format of cooperation between government and citizens in several Western states and intergovernmental organizations; and scrutinized the features of the «electronic government» in Scotland, the Baltic States and the European Union since the 2000s.
Conclusions. On the basis of the study of the process of ICT impact on political systems one may draw a conclusion that in recent years, with the help of new information technologies the citizens have become more politicized and started actively participating in the process of interaction with state institutions through modern information systems. However, in the future ICT can have a negative impact on traditional democratic mechanisms of participation, moreover, a new gap between citizens with and without ICT is occuring, which diffusely affects society.
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